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Indigenous Representations

Mapping to MN State Standards


The resources on this page have been selected by eLibraryMN and Minnesota Digital Library librarians and curators to support the MN English Language Arts and the Social Studies standards, both current and pending, specifically related to Indigenous peoples history and cultures, with a particular focus on the Anishinaabe and Dakota peoples.  Resources in eLibraryMN and EbooksMN have unlimited simultaneous user access and are freely available to anyone geolocated in Minnesota. The primary source resources detailed are available to all, regardless of location.

Please reach out with questions or suggestions about linking to, using, or sharing these resources.  

Academic Research

Below is a collection of available topic overviews that link to many related articles and resources within ELM.

PebbleGo Next: Indigenous Peoples' History Portal

PebbleGo Next: Ojibwe/Anishinaabe People





Brittanica Elementary: Ojibwe Peoples






Ebsco Explora Primary: Native or Indigenous Peoples






Britannica Education Elementary Resource Pack on Indigenous Peoples (This is for educators- you will need a School UN/PW for Brittanica to access- all schools in MN can have this through the ELM agreement. Not sure of your school un/pw?  Contact us and we can help!)




This is a curated group of fiction and nonfiction ebooks, Grade Interest Level K-8. All titles are available to students geolocated in MN without login.  Linking directly to chapters is also possible.  To link directly to the titles and share in your LMS or libguides, copy the link to the title(s) you want from our persistent link spreadsheet (if you are not accessing through the MackinVia app).  Reach out to us with questions about linking. 







Primary Sources

Resources below are recommended by MDL curators from partners in primary source history.

Dakota Language educational books

Info about the books: “The Santee Normal Training School instructed Dakota children in the Dakota language. These children came from families who were removed from Minnesota to Nebraska after the U.S.-Dakota War in 1863. Reverend A.L. Riggs founded the school in 1870 as an academy to train Native teachers. The school developed a printing press in 1871 and produced many materials in the Dakota language.”

The Santee Normal Training School instructed Dakota children in the Dakota language. These children came from families who were removed from Minnesota to Nebraska after the U.S.-Dakota War of 1862. The school produced many materials in the Dakota language.

"Waasa Inaabidaa" Ojibwe Interviews

Watch video interviews from the early 2000s with contemporary Ojibwe people in a public television series titled “Waasa Inaabidaa: We Look In All Directions.”

Grand Portage reservation photos

Grand PortageThe Grand Portage Indian Reservation (Ojibwe language: Gichi-onigamiing) in the tip of Minnesota’s Arrowhead region is the Indian reservation of the Grand Portage Band of Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, established by treaty in 1854.

Primary Source Sets from MDL: 

Seth Eastman: Depictions of Native American Life
Stella Stocker and the Ojibwe of Minnesota

Interlibrary Loan/Resource Sharing

For in depth research into these topics, sometimes you need to request materials from other libraries.  These can be digital or they can sometimes be printed books.  There are two main options for requesting these materials.  One, MNLINK, allows you to search all Minnesota libraries for the requires the use of a public library card and PIN. While many educators use their own library card to help students, it is recommended that students use their own. However, this is not always possible, so there is a second option: Minitex Resource sharing for schools. This allows one staff member per school to request items on behalf of students and have the items sent directly to the school building.  If you have questions about which option is better for you and your students, reach out to us and we can help.